Major defect

Provisions of the  Civil Code do not define the notion of a major effect. Whether a given defect is major or minor will always depend on the type of an item and its intended use. In simple terms it can be assumed that a major defect is one that renders the item valueless or useless for the buyer.

 

An example: If a newly bought car has an engine malfunction that makes it impossible to drive the car, the malfunction should be considered a major defect (as long as the sales contract stated that the car would be functional, and would not be sold exclusively for parts). On the other hand, a small scratch on the paintwork should be considered a  minor defect.